U.S. fast breeder reactor program needs direction

report to the Congress by United States. General Accounting Office

Publisher: U.S. General Accounting Office in Washington, D.C

Written in English
Published: Pages: 54 Downloads: 80
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  • Breeder reactors,
  • Nuclear reactors -- United States,
  • Fast reactors

Edition Notes

Statementby the Comptroller General of the United States
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 54 p. ;
Number of Pages54
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14897006M

Jun 18,  · A fast-breeder nuclear reactor produces more fuel than it consumes, while generating energy. Conventional reactors use uranium as fuel and produce some plutonium. Breeders produce much more plutonium, which can be separated and reused as fuel. Plutonium, a key element of nuclear weapons, has been an issue in U.S.-Japan relations for decades. During the administration of Jimmy Carter, the Japanese government pressed Washington for permission to process spent reactor fuel of U.S. origin so that the resulting plutonium could be used for experiments with fast breeder nuclear reactors. The Nuclear Integral Fast Reactor IFR and S-PRISM IFR BURNS ALL Nuclear waste. IFR 30,% INCREASED Efficiency. IFRs use virtually all of the energy content in the Uranium or Thorium fuel whereas a traditional light water reactor uses less than 1% of that energy content. This means that breeder reactors can power the energy needs of the planet for over a billion years. India has operated a small megawatt pilot-scale breeder reactor since Although India is building a commercial-scale breeder reactor, which is projected to be completed in , and is planning to build four more of these reactors by , ramping up to a fleet of breeder reactors will likely take decades, and it is uncertain if this.

Nevertheless, the old book was firmly tilted in the direction of LMFBRs. However, because the book used a fundamental approach to materials problems, it remained relevant even as the fast breeder program was cancelled. This book, however, was only one of many that dealt in one way or another with nuclear materials. The hopefully. Why the molten salt fast reactor (MSFR) is the “best” Gen IV reactor MSR development work to its European collaborators in order to attempt another revival of ANLs Liquid Metal-cooled Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR, a.k.a., IFR) program. Its latest ORNLs classic MSBR concept gradually evolved in the direction of unmoderated (no Cited by: 3. Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II) is a sodium-cooled fast reactor designed, built and operated by Argonne National Laboratory at the National Reactor Testing Station in Idaho. It was shut down in Custody of the reactor was transferred to Idaho National Laboratory after its founding in May 01,  · “The United States is currently reorienting its advanced nuclear reactor research and development program due to concern with proliferation dangers associated with the plutonium fuel cycle. The President (Carter) has proposed to defer efforts to commercialize the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR).

Apr 26,  · nuclear reactors 1. A nuclear reactor is a device to initiate, and control, a sustained nuclear chain reaction. The most common use of nuclear reactors is for the generation of electrical power (Nuclear power) and for the power in some ships (Nuclear marine propulsion). India has long pursued a fast breeder program, motivated in part by the availability of only poor quality uranium resources within the country. But progress so far has been disappointing, with only one test reactor having been constructed and having a chequered operating history. The larger Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor that is being constructed has a design that compromises safety and will. Feb 08,  · Hahn is the man who earned the sobriquet "The Radioactive Boy Scout" in when he came very close to building a breeder nuclear reactor in his backyard in . Experimental Breeder Reactor-I T he Experimental Breeder Reactor-I (EBR-I) is a Registered National Historic Landmark located at Idaho National Laboratory off U.S. Highway 20/ While U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories continue to generate scientific and technological discoveries and engineer new energy sources.

U.S. fast breeder reactor program needs direction by United States. General Accounting Office Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. U.S. fast breeder reactor program needs direction: report to the Congress. [United States. General Accounting Office.]. Get this from a library.

U.S. fast breeder reactor program needs direction: report to the Congress. [United States. General Accounting Office.] -- The Administration and Congress have not been able to agree on the future role of fast nuclear breeder reactors.

They cannot decide whether to rely on nuclear power as a long- or short-term energy. Nov 12,  · Research Report 8 International Panel on Fissile Materials Fast Breeder Reactor Programs: History and Status Thomas B.

Cochran, Harold A. Feiveson, Walt Patterson, Gennadi Pshakin, M.V. Ramana, Mycle Schneider, Tatsujiro Suzuki, Frank von Hippel. The US Fast Breeder Reactor Development Programme resources and relationships which inevitably shape the direction of its national policies and programs.

U.S. energy strategy is directed toward achieving energy self-sufficiency. Among the research and development phase of the U.S. fast breeder program is the national laboratory.

The. The United States has accorded the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor the highest priority effort in its advanced reactor development program but is also providing significant support to the Light Water Breeder Reactor, the Gas-cooled Fast Breeder Reactor, and the Molten Salt Breeder Reactor as alternative options.

A breeder reactor is a nuclear reactor that generates more fissile material than it consumes. Breeder reactors achieve this because their neutron economy is high enough to create more fissile fuel than they use, by irradiation of a fertile material, such as uranium or thorium that is loaded into the reactor along with fissile fuel.

Breeders were at first found attractive because they. Jul 30,  · But the Clinton administration eventually shut down the U.S.'s research program in Britain followed soon after, U.S. fast breeder reactor program needs direction book its Dounreay fast-breeder reactor. Liquid metal fast breeder reactor program: environmental statement [U.S.

Atomic Energy Commission.] on the5thsense.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This book was digitized and reprinted from the collections of the University of California Libraries.

It was produced from digital images created through the libraries’ mass digitization efforts. Fast Breeder Reactor Programs: History and Status 3 This report looks at the experience and status of breeder reactor programs in France, India, Japan, the Soviet Union/Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.

The major breeder reactors built in these countries are listed in table Germany also built two breeder reactors. The Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) is a MWe fast breeder nuclear reactor presently being constructed at the Madras Atomic Power Station in Kalpakkam, India.

The Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR) is responsible for the design of this reactor. The facility builds on the decades of experience gained from operating the lower power Fast Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR).Construction began: The International Panel on Fissile Materials released a new research report, Fast Breeder Reactor Programs: History and Status (a pdf copy of the report is here).The report argues that the track record of all fast breeder reactor programs demonstrates that sodium-cooled reactors cannot serve as a major part of the long-term nuclear waste disposal solution.

68 CURRENT STATUS THE U.S. FAST BREEDER REACTOR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM T. Nemzek and G. Cunningham U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, D.C. ABSTRACT The world energy problem has spared few nations from its effects. The U.S.

energy strategy is directed toward making best use of all of the avail able the5thsense.com: T.A. Nemzek, G.W.

Cunningham. Abstract. This paper summarizes the computational capabilities in the area of liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) system-wide transient analysis in the United States, identifies various numerical and physical approximations, the degree of empiricism, range of applicability, model verification and experimental needs for a wide class of protected transients, in particular, natural.

This report details the primary results of the Laboratory Directed Research and Development project (LDRD ) Metal Fires and Their Implications for Advance Reactors.

Advanced reactors may employ liquid metal coolants, typically sodium, because of their many desirable qualities. This project. Materials and structures problems are central to many critical issues concerning the economic competitiveness, reliable performance, and safety of liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) power The U.S.

fast reactor materials and structures program | SpringerLinkCited by: 2. Mar 13,  · Developing Nations Put Nuclear on Fast-Forward.

Fast track: A fast-breeder test reactor at the Kalpakkam nuclear This dual approach is. Two years ago, a book written by the managers of Argonne National Laboratory's (ANLs) “Integral Fast Reactor” (IFR) program reiterated that message and described how the USA had gone about developing/promoting a sustainable nuclear fuel cycle based upon the conversion of U to Pu 2.

Unfortunately, that/their program was canceled two Cited by: 3. Two types of traditional breeder reactor have been proposed: fast breeder reactor or FBR — The superior neutron economy of a fast neutron reactor makes it possible to build a reactor that, after its initial fuel charge of plutonium, requires only natural (or even depleted) uranium feedstock as input to its fuel cycle.

This fuel cycle has been. This is our report on the liquid metal fast breeder reactor program--past, present, and future. We made our review pursuant to the Budget and Account- ing Act, (31 U.S.C. 53), and the Accounting Audit- ing Act of (31 U.S.C. 67).

We are sending copies of this report to the Director. breeder reactor: see nuclear reactor nuclear reactor, device for producing controlled release of nuclear energy. Reactors can be used for research or for power production.

A research reactor is designed to produce various beams of radiation for experimental application; the heat produced is a. The current U.S. fast reactor program has two very large and almost equal components.

One is the Clinch River reactor development effort. The other is the longer-term breeder reactor base, the long-term development program in breeder reactors.

Jun 01,  · Japan’s renewed nuclear fuel recycling dream faces obstacles. After finally acknowledging the failure of its fast-breeder reactor, Japan plans to continue pursuing nuclear fuel recycling in a French project, but this program also faces an unclear future.

Aug 11,  · Construction of the only other commercial fast breeder reactor in the U.S., the Clinch River plant in Tennessee, was halted in when Congress cut funding. Elsewhere in the world, only India, Russia, Japan and China currently have operational fast breeder reactor programs; the U.K., France and Germany have effectively shut down theirs.

The fast breeder or fast breeder reactor (FBR) is a fast neutron reactor designed to breed fuel by producing more fissile material than it consumes.

The FBR is one possible type of breeder reactor. The reactors are used in nuclear power plants to produce nuclear power and nuclear fuel. Apr 13,  · India's fast breeder reactor achieves second milestone India's fast breeder reactor achieves second milestone Chennai: India's first indigenously designed MW fast breeder nuclear power project achieved its second milestone albeit silently when the huge main vessel was lowered into the safety vessel, an official said.

This article chronicles the rise and fall of fast-reactor research in the United States. Research on fast reactors began at the end of World War II and represented a large fraction of the total U.

Return to Timeline of Events: to Continue to Timeline of Events: to July 4, President Nixon announces as a national goal a commitment to complete a Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor demonstration plant by In what he refers to as the first comprehensive energy message to Congress by a United States president, Nixon calls the breeder reactor the best hope for.

_03/14/10_ as of 3_15_ Fast Breeder Reactors the5thsense.com 2 Richard l. Garwin FAST REACTOR BACKGROUND “Fast reactor” is an abbreviation for “fast-neutron reactor”, which has been understood conceptually from the earliest days of nuclear energy. The nuclear weapon, the object of the Manhattan Project in the United States, depends on a.

Bulletin of the Atomic ScientiStS| the5thsense.com may/june 52 If the core of a breeder reactor heats up to the point of collapse and suffers a meltdown, the fuel can assume a more critical configuration and blow itself apart in a small nuclear explosion. tors show that light water reactors operating on a “once-through”.

Chapter 5 Physics. STUDY. Flashcards. Learn. Write. Spell. Test. PLAY. Match. Gravity. Created by. epalmier. Terms in this set (38) A breeder reactor is designed to produce.

plutonium. The number if nuclear weapons that the United States had was closest ti. Experimental Breeder Reactor I (EBR-I) is a decommissioned research reactor and U.S. National Historic Landmark located in the desert about 18 miles (29 km) southeast of Arco, the5thsense.com was the world's first breeder reactor.

At p.m. on December 20,it became one of the world's first electricity-generating nuclear power plants when it produced sufficient electricity to illuminate four Architect: Atomic Energy Commission.neering Lab, comprised at its largest, the Experimental Breeder Reactor No.

1, the Argonne Fast Source Reactor, BORAX-V, and the Zero Power Reactor No, 3. Construction work by the AEC at the Station began in this area in May with, the drilling of the EBR-I well. The EBR-I, the first major.The reactor was repaired and returned to service in September and ended operation in The reactor produced a total of 37 GW-h of electricity.

Fermi 1 in Monroe County, Michigan was an experimental, liquid sodium-cooled fast breeder reactor that operated from to